Embracing imperfection

Today is a little special and emotional for me.

It has been eight years since I started my spiritual journey, devoted to zen life and culture, with the intent of sharing “wabi-sabi” or “the beauty of life” in its natural form.

A long time ago, I was the Firdaus who are complaining a lot. I hate the fact that living has so many limitations and imperfections. The imperfection of life is something that upsets me and didn’t like it at all.

— why do we need to sleep? Why do we feel not enough? Why do we have to be born and die? Why do I get treatment such and such? Why do we need to work? I ask many questions, until one day I hit a very rock bottom and realized that I was living life on auto-pilot.

It was people around me —my father, my mother, my good friends who made me realize that I needed to accept the fact and focus on learning how to embrace it, instead of trying to fight against it. I was so frustrated with everything around me, that I didn’t know how to love.

— I learned to love. Why, some of you may ask? Because I had to learn to appreciate what is given to me in this life.

That was the time I fully accept myself as a human. Human is not perfect and never has been. Then I found out life is something that should be lived as it is. Life should be appreciated as it is.

That is what makes us human. and also that’s the beauty of becoming a human.

There’s time that we feel ready to conquer the world. There are also times we feel sorrow. We have ups and downs, but that is natural. We have to trust ourselves that we’ll be ready for the next challenge, or for the u-turn of life. We are all imperfect, but it is what makes us human.

— did you say? … or did you say that I should fight against the imperfection of life? … I don’t think so. I think we should accept it. Zero perfection, zero infinity.

That’s humbled me. To embrace imperfection is to see with new eyes. It is to appreciate the “red thread” that connects all things and people around you, in a web of spirals.

So, I started to observe my shortcomings and imperfections with the same admiration as the beauty of nature. This is where I learnt about the concept of embracing imperfection. This concept has bred empathy.

I’ve seen greed, jealousy, bad faith, revenge and much more.

It consumes us. It counteracts us to pessimism. But it is very difficult to let it go. I have learnt that with empathy we can let go of it with a less painful experience. When we feel the pain, but also the understanding of our betrayal or pain, that feeling can be less harsh and juster.

This has helped me to progress in life. Tremendously.

Embracing imperfection is humbling. It’s understanding that we are all the same and it’s what makes us human. It’s finding the beauty in your experiences, good and bad.

It’s seeing beauty in our experiences, good and bad. It’s understanding that life is a paradox, a moving reflection of nature.


It is a simple idea that appreciates imperfection, naturalness and impermanence. It is the idea that sees life as it is, not as what we want it to be. Wabi-sabi is an ancient aesthetic philosophy rooted in Zen Buddhism. The Japanese philosophy celebrates beauty in what’s natural, flaws and all.

I feel this beautiful belief can be used in many ways for many purposes.

I have been witnessing the pasts, the progress of our world and my own personal growth – both as a person and as an entrepreneur – thanks to the unique perspective of “wabi-sabi” – an aesthetic design perspective.

With all the experiences, I came to consider how much I love this concept. It’s something simple, but it’s amazing how much it has grown in me over the years.

In our culture, “simplicity” often codes for a life that’s organized or for spare, boutique perfection.

— We confuse it with virtue, simplicity with happiness. The reality is that life’s messy. It’s not simple.

But what could be more radically simple than acceptance of rust and imperfection?
I embrace the beauty in that that is perfectly imperfect, and I can embrace the fingerprints, scars, and lines of my life, too.

I find the idea of abandoning “perfect” and even “be good enough” irresistibly tempting.

I may not be the brightest, but I can let go of the best and most extraordinary to seek pleasure in the quotidian, let alone the simple.

Wabi-Sabi is a philosophy I accept wholeheartedly, and the further I celebrate it, the more it inspires me of freedom. I embrace wabi-sabi with its own elements of nature, aesthetics, and spirituality. All are linked in the universe. All are linked to each other.

— Wabi means things that are new and unprocessed. It evokes feelings of peace and tranquilly, as well as rustic charm. It encompasses both naturally occurring and artificially created objects.

— Sabi is a Japanese word that refers to an object’s beauty that comes with age. The patina of the object and its impermanence are both evident in its appearance.

I am a wabi, not perfect, and that’s what I want for my life. I want to live in a world that’s imperfect, but full of beauty, and not just in its imperfections.

I believe that being imperfect is a gift. Wabi-Sabi is not just a belief or an idea. It is a way of life: to embrace imperfection. To embrace imperfection is to see with new eyes and to appreciate what we never noticed before. I hope to live a life of simplicity, not perfection, and to embrace the imperfections of life, even if they are my own.

I am so grateful for all the people who have approached me to share their thoughts and opinions. They have taught me so much about myself and how I was perceiving my environment – art, design, people… it is such a privilege to be able to talk about this with someone else.

3 horizons of innovation model

Yesterday, I spent three hours with Khalil Nooh. We discussed and share various topics but there’s one particular model that has caught my attention. It was the Innovation model and its three horizons.

It is the first time that I heard about the 3 horizons of innovation model. I believe it is a more logical, sequential approach to product development. It is a proven process that can provide desired results under normal and difficult conditions. It is never out of ideas, and it can work with any product no matter how complex.

horizons of innovation
Innovation model horizons, by Joyce Oomen (Pimcy)

Horizon one is to research, find and then develop something new that has never been done before. Horizon two is to improve an old known thing, but with a different perspective and approach. Horizon three is to take all the current knowledge and apply it in unconventional ways for unknown results.

This is a summary of the 3 Horizons of Innovation Model. Consider it the framework for how to innovate in any field.

Horizon 1: Developing technologies

  • through research and development, technology is developed for current trends and the future needs.
  • enhancing and expanding existing business lines.
  • the focus is on efficiency and accuracy. Work is planned and ordered, risks and uncertainties are avoided or reduced.

Horizon 2: Enhancing technologies

  • this is done by making current technologies better or more effective or designing systems with better human interaction.
  • advances that are outside the scope of H1. They have already begun to include some of the long-term vision of what will occur in the future.
  • the technologies or solutions are known, but probably not yet available to the business. This horizon focuses on creating new business models.

Horizon 3: Exploring emerging technology

  • H3 is the far future, it’s new to the world or the industry. Technology and solutions are virtually unknown.
  • this is the development of technologies using concepts and techniques from other fields and placing them in a new environment.
  • disruptive innovation refers to breakthroughs in this horizon that can have a significant impact on your business, industry, and life. This horizon focuses on determining what works.

The first one hour in the morning

The first one hour in the morning is a must for all those who wish to be the best version of themselves. In this essay, you will learn guidelines for how I design an ideal and positive day and be able to conquer anything that may stand in the way. From staying focused and being productive, to tackling your own mental health concerns, this essay has something for everyone.

When you wake up, the first thing you must do is go to the bathroom. After you have relieved yourself of all your morning fluids, make sure to brush your teeth and rinse your mouth with water.

The first one hour of your morning is the most important part. If you conquer the first hour with a positive attitude, you will have a great day. If you don’t, then nothing else will matter.

Never start your day by checking email or notifications or even worst, social media. This will only stress you out and give you a feeling of being behind.

Start your day with a stretch. Stretch every muscle in your body. Hold each stretch for at least 10 seconds. Make sure to be conscious of your breathing while you are stretching.

Start your morning with positive books that will motivate you. Try to read at least one page in the morning, no matter how early in the day it is. This will set the tone for the rest of your day. Read biographies of people you respect and admire, or inspirational stories about their success in life, if it is written well you can extract some valuable information from it that can be applied to your own life.

For me, I start my day with a morning page (also known as morning pages) and my most important task of the day. Morning page is a mental exercise where you write three pages of anything and everything you want, without stopping for at least 15 minutes. Some people find it helpful to use a timer or alarm to remind them that they shouldn’t stop writing until the time has passed.

I put three things in this exercise: what I plan for the day, things I am grateful for and things that I forgive or I want to let go of. I do this exercise almost every day (sone exception for the day I had crazy deadlines or my sleep pattern went south). I use the time to clear my head, plan for the rest of my day and reflect on what I want to achieve.

I don’t really have a rule for this. But some people that I know do the 5-5-5 rule for this exercise. Every morning, set aside 15 minutes to think about ourselves and what you want to do to accomplish that day.

Mental exercise such as morning pages has been proven by science to improve mental health and relieve stress. Some individuals find it to be addictive. But I don’t think it really matters if you do this a few times a week or every day. What is important is that you do something for yourself and your mind.

The last thing I do in the morning is to meditate for five minutes. This helps me clear my head and relax my muscles especially after a full night of sleep. While I don’t always do this every day but I try to consistently do it almost every morning. If I am on a tight schedule or a full day ahead, I skip this step.

Praying also is a good form of meditation and reflection. Setting up a morning ritual for yourself is a powerful thing. If you have little time to do this in the morning, then try to squeeze this in your lunch break or even during your commute to work (I’ll share this at another time). Also, there are products available like Headspace that help you meditate for 15 minutes.

If you struggle with meditation or don’t have a routine that helps you to relax, then try the following breathing exercises:

Breathe in slowly through your nose for four seconds. Hold it for four seconds. Exhale through your mouth slowly for eight seconds. Hold it for eight seconds. Repeat this cycle six times. You can repeat this cycle twice more if needed or do additional cycles to get the desired effect.

Avoid screen time in the first one hour if you can. If you decide to go on social media, do it in the last hour of your day and don’t allow yourself to check-in.

A productive morning begins with a good attitude. If you are consistent with these simple things, you will be able to face any day with confidence and success.


I considered myself spiritual enough.

My thought process had not changed until I learned how to meditate and manage distractions. I had been practising for years, without any real substance or progress, but after the onset of a few days of daily meditation, I realized that I was at least doing something.

Mindfulness can be a very effective way of dealing with stress, anxiety, and depression. It’s also a great way to improve your physical health through nutrition and exercise. In layman’s terms, mindfulness is the intentional act of paying attention to what is happening at the moment without judgment.

Mindfulness can take in many forms, such as :

  • Meditation (the act of de-stressing through paying attention to your breathing)
  • Exercise (focus on your body moving, rather than thinking negative thoughts)
  • Nutrition (paying attention to what you are eating, how your body feels afterwards)
  • Wander (being conscious of your surroundings, rather than rushing to get places)
  • Conversation (having an effective conversation with someone requires mindfulness so you are not thinking about the million other things going on in your head)

There are many more forms of mindfulness, I am simply stating a few. Mindfulness is the art of managing distractions that clog our path to happiness, while also improving our physical well-being.

The act of non-thinking is mindfulness in action. It is a conscious observing, noticing, non-judging, patient, curious, accepting, trusting, non-striving and detached style of being with our unfolding mental and physical experience. As the result, deeper awareness and understanding can emerge.

Based on Mindful Walking, the seven principles that the author taught are:

  • Non-judging (being aware of thought without letting it affect your emotional state)
  • Patience (confidence in yourself, your value, and your potential)
  • Beginner’s mind (being humble and able to see the world as if you were experiencing it for the first time)
  • Trust (believing that everything will be okay)
  • Non-striving (not setting any goal for yourself, except to be the best you can be)
  • Acceptance (letting a thought or emotion be there, without trying to force it away)
  • Letting go of your pain (resentment, anger, sadness, or anxiety)

What I have learned from my own experience is that you cannot live a life without distractions. Thoughts and feelings come and go, but the only constant is the awareness of them. My biggest obstacle to practising mindfulness was letting my mind wander too often.

I would add a few things on top of the list above;

  • Gratitude (count your blessings and take note of all the things you are grateful for)
  • Forgiveness (letting go of anger and resentment, as those emotions do not serve your well-being)
  • Self-compassion (accepting unpleasant emotions without judgment when they arise in yourself)
  • Focus (our minds wander all the time, paying attention to your surroundings will help you get back to your task)

My spiritual journey began back in 2011. When Irwan and Ajmal introduced me to Mindvalley and some personal growth culture. Vishen taught me the state of bliss, a state of mind that does not judge but simply accepts. I learned to let go of things that were out of my control, and most importantly that I could be happy at this moment if I was conscious of it.

Am forever grateful. Thank you, everyone. That’s my daily 500 words of Zen. Love yall.

Moonshot Thinking

I think that was where the moonshot originated whenever I think about it. The 1960s were marked by social unrest, most notably the Vietnam War and the civil rights movement. The U.S. and Russia had a space race in the 1960s. The race was marked by two collectives of patriots striving towards the impossible.

A moonshot is unimaginable. it was an impossibility. We can’t even imagine what we will be able to do if we don’t try our best. We must keep moving forward no matter how difficult or impossible it may seem at first. It is for this reason that Moonshot Thinking is so important for us as individuals and as a society.

Moonshot Thinking, what is it?

Moonshot thinking is an approach to innovation where you target solutions that are 10X or 10 times better than what’s existed so far. It calls on teams of people to look for unconventional solutions. This 10x mindset means challenging the idea that progress can be made in linear steps.

Google X was meant to be a research lab that doesn’t work on anything related to Google’s core business. It’s a sort of anti-corporate research lab. The job was to solve big challenges and find innovative solutions. High-altitude connectivity, Project Loon, and the self-driving car were among the first moonshots that they took.

Each X project is hand-picked and works in tandem with the company’s core strategy. Each of the projects was meant to act like startups within Google. They were given enough time and resources to develop breakthrough technologies in specific areas. The Google Loon project is trying to build cheaper access to the internet in remote areas.

Astro Teller, the founders had the 10X, moonshot mindset of thinking big. The mindset means that they wanted to take big risks on technologies that would help them reach their goals of growing the company. They constantly investigate and prototyping new technologies.

Why does moonshot thinking matter for growth?

Moonshot Thinking empowers people to imagine the future. It’s about their willingness to see possibilities that are not visible at first sight. It can be used to identify opportunities that other people don’t see yet. Moonshot thinking makes people think creatively and alone.

Moonshot thinking encourages people to question their assumptions. It challenges people to create things that are different from what is commonly seen elsewhere.

It helps us plan, fail, and learn through iteration. Fail is a good thing. It means learning. There is no big success without big failures. It’s a way of gaining knowledge and experience in the long run.

How should businesses approach this concept?

Moonshot thinking involves taking risks and trying new things. It is about experimenting and failing fast. Failing forward, some say. Even though mistakes are essential for Moonshot Thinking, they can’t be avoided. It is important that your team recovers quickly from them.

Other than experimentation, a business could do this by creating a culture of learning and transparency. They should find ways to connect their team so that they could facilitate each other. Collaboration is key for success in Moonshot Thinking. We can inspire each other by learning from each other’s experiences.

Moonshot Thinking is a way of thinking that we use to overcome difficulties and obstacles, while we search for new solutions or ways of innovating. It’s about putting yourself out there and making new things happen.

Failure is inevitable, but you must accept it as an opportunity to learn.

How can we apply moonshot thinking to ourselves?

In the book The 10X Rule, Carolyne advises setting yourself targets that are ten times greater than what you think you can achieve and taking actions that are ten times greater than what you think you need to reach them. Setting goals too low is one of the most common mistakes most people make. The only way to reach your full potential is to take massive action.

Many believe that 10X thinking is expensive and requires a lot of resources. Instead, 10X thinking is just the opposite. It is about finding inexpensive, creative solutions to hard questions.

While it is important to imagine the future, it is also important to use your imagination in the right way. Don’t be a prisoner of your own imagination. Moonshot is about knowing when not to imagine or reinvent the wheel.

When JFK delivered one of the most famous speeches in American history, in front of forty thousand crowds, he said:

“We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills”


I believe this speech is a true representation of Moonshot thinking. It was not about the destination but about the journey itself. Moonshot Thinking is about working with an audacious goal and taking massive action to achieve it.

Hundred-days writing challenge

I’m going to try the 100-day writing challenge (thank you Khalil Nooh for the inspiration to publish and push. Every. Single. Day. – you are the best dude!). I’m trying to write at least 500 words a day for 100 days straight. It’s the challenge I set for myself, and I hope others do the same!

The 100-day challenge keeps momentum and builds confidence. I hope in just over three months I’ll see significant improvement in my writing, my vocabulary and my confidence to keep writing.

By participating in this challenge, I commit to publishing every single day. Writing is an act of vulnerability; it’s exposing your deepest selves on the internet (if you post it on your blog or something like that). This exercise will help you gain courage, improve clarity, and write more clearly. And more aware of errors such as passive voice.

I love that the 100-day challenge isn’t a lot of work! It’s okay to take a day off between challenges is totally fine, or you can keep on with regular life while dabbling in some writing.

To keep this accountable, I will post using the hashtag #100daysofzen and publish it on various platforms.

– It could be journaling, blogging, article or even sending wishes to friends.
– Writing full sentences (and not just bullet points).
– Minimum 500 words with no limit.
– No GPT-3 nonsense. Just zen writing and headspace. Mindfulness and contentment.

Zen can be such an exhilarating and rewarding experience. It may seem like nothing is happening, but it’s right there in front of us.

Starting tomorrow. Let’s go.


An unpredictable event is one that cannot be calculated in advance. It could be good or bad, but without knowing whether it will be good or bad, it is considered unpredictable. A once-in-a-lifetime event cannot be accurately predicted because it is unique to that one occurrence.

“You can’t improve something if you can’t measure it.”

– Peter Drucker

Drucker’s principle is especially pertinent in today’s world. The only true measure of good or bad is the outcome.

If you can’t predict the outcome, the only thing you can do is prepare for unexpected events, which is not easy to do.

In business or baseball, for example, if you have data on what your competitors are doing, you can anticipate the future and make plans for it. The risk of having information is that your competitors will know what you are thinking and will respond accordingly.

If we cannot measure something we cannot improve it; therefore, we should not improve what we cannot measure. Never take any risk if not able to read the room. However, in some cases, we innovate and improve based on our intuition, which is the result of making numerous observations and learning from them, but this is likely insufficient to predict the outcome of an event with reasonable accuracy. Humanity survived thousands of years because of our instinct.

To measure, we need something quantitative in value. That is how we improve. Because measurability is synonymous with predictability. To improve something, we must first understand what is good and what is bad. We can’t improve it if we don’t know what it is.

What are the threat matrices? Is there one? Why have we lost over a dozen customers in the last 24 hours? Is it a technical issue we can’t fix? Can we reverse an unpopular decision? Is it because our business model is unsustainable and we need to change?

These are critical questions to ask in order to measure and improve. The significance of asking probing questions cannot be overstated.

In practice, measuring things entails gathering data. When we have a problem, we gather data from various sources and search for patterns in the data. When the pattern is clear, we can analyse it to determine what caused the problem.

Chaos is a natural phenomenon that can be seen in many fields of science and business. Sometimes we see a situation unfold in a particular way and believe it is the result of our observations. But if we make another observation, the same thing will happen. This phenomenon can be observed by looking at an ant colony or a meteor shower, for example.

Chaos is a good thing. Ones can be unpredictable because of chaos. I shall set aside this part for another time.

The good part is that unpredictability can be weaponised and strategised to defeat the competition. While the other party is making plans, we could be dealing with the unexpected and unplanned. We can produce an impact equivalent to a large shock by first getting into motion.

“If something can go wrong, it will go wrong,” as the saying goes. This statement is typically used to scare others into not doing what they are suggesting.

To hell with Murphy – if anything can go wrong, well, fix It!

Technology should serve people, not the other way around

This essay is a repost from a Medium story.

I’ve known computers since I was about 5 or 6. It was the year 1995. My father’s workplace was the only place I could see computers at the time. Paperboy, Prince of Persia, and Oregon Trail were among the MS-DOS games he introduced me to. But it wasn’t the games or interactive graphics that drew me in, but rather the machine itself. I recall being enthralled by Windows. I’m fascinated by how it looked, how it worked, and the simple yet effective applications it contained. In 1998, we finally got our own computer with a dial-up internet connection.

For me, the computer was my only means of self-expression. With text, images, and sounds, I could create whatever I wanted. With audio files like .mp3 and .wav, as well as video files like Quicktime and Windows Media, I could listen to whatever music I wanted. mIRC was the only way I could communicate with people from all over the world. Even if they were in another country, I was able to share my thoughts and opinions with them. I didn’t have many friends in school back then because I preferred interacting with the keyboard.

The internet and technology have become obsessions for us. PCs, mobile phones, laptops, and smart devices have exploded in popularity over the last two or three decades. From the classroom to the bedroom, the internet had spread. We spend the majority of our time in front of a computer or on a mobile device. The majority of people spend far more time in front of a screen than they do outdoors.

True, technology is altering our lifestyles, but it also requires us to alter our lifestyles. It’s exhausting to be told that technology is working for us, not against us, all of the time. It’s all too easy to fall into this mindset and fail to recognise that it’s illogical.

We worship technology so much that we sometimes lose sight of its purpose. What can technology help me with? Is it possible for it to assist me in expressing myself more effectively? Is it capable of assisting me in interacting with people I have never met before anywhere in the world? Is it possible for technology to manipulate, control, and shape people’s lives? Yes, that is correct.

We are the product in the economy of attention. We are the resource that technology is consuming. By using technology such as the internet, we are giving up our privacy and freedom. Technology is working for us rather than against us. With each passing year, it gains more and more control over our lives, but we are completely unaware of it.

We are distracted from what we are doing right now by notifications, apps, and alerts on our mobile devices and computers. These are meant to draw our attention away from the rest of the world. Our focus is broken down into very small chunks. On our mobile devices and computers, we divide our attention between various notifications, apps, and alerts, or even multiples of each. Finally, being online has become an obsession for us. We just can’t seem to stop ourselves. We now try to avoid interacting with people in real life as much as possible.

And we don’t realise how much of our attention and technology we give away until we lose something. One of the most prominent examples is social media. We quickly share the most memorable events in our lives with others. That is, after all, what it is supposed to be. Some people, on the other hand, only share their happiest moments online in order to make others believe they are doing well.

We should not be defined by technology, but rather by how we use it and what we can accomplish with it. To put it another way, technology must be centred on humans rather than the other way around.

Allow yourself to be free.

Photo by Julian Jagtenberg from Pexels

The power of Now

Time is a powerful thing. We all have it, and not enough of it. It is precious. The best moments happen in the Now, because when we’re in Now, we’re truly living our lives to the fullest.

Not every day do we feel motivated or “feel it”. The trick is to just spends 5 minutes on it. Let’s have a scratch or two on it. That 5 minutes is all we need. Loosen up all the expectations.

Usually, that 5 minutes will be 10 or 15 minutes. Just let that sink in.

Later that you know, you are one hour clock in.

You just accomplished one task.

I’m not saying we should never work on projects or learn, but we should let projects and learning go when we feel it. That way, we will only feel the emotion of joy and passion when we’re in the Now.

The more we give attention to Now, the more we can be happy and appreciate it every time we remember it, even if only for 5 minutes.

Here you go, that’s my five minutes post.

Separation of Concerns

The separation of concern refers to the division of tasks within a broader function or responsibility to separate different functions. The process is often used in management and business, where it allows for specialization of functions according to their area of expertise.

In software engineering, software modules whose functionality have been separated into concerns should be design-time interchangeable. A module that is designed with concerns in mind is also said to be modularised. The idea of separation of concern is particularly relevant in object-oriented programming, where the concerns are often the same class.

The same can be said for complex enterprise applications building blocks. Separating the various concerns into different systems or layers simplifies code navigation and maintenance. When changes are implemented, the effects and regressions on other areas are minimised, and a healthier and more adaptable programme emerges.

Let’s visit how the same philosophy can be applied in business.

Decentralisation of control

In business, decentralisation of control refers to the distribution of decision-making power away from one central authority. Decentralisation can have positive and negative effects. It can be used to foster creativity and innovation, but it can also lead to infighting, inefficiency, slow decision-making, inconsistent policies, and poor-quality decisions.

In the context of software engineering, decentralization of control can be applied in two ways:

  1. In a module-based architecture, a module specifies a set of concerns and the way they interact. If a module provides a good abstraction and has its internal implementation sufficiently separate from the next module, then it can be exchanged for another module, and the internal implementation can be changed wholesale without affecting any external behaviours.
  2. In a layered architecture, the lower level layers implement the bare minimum to support all the higher-level layers. Ideally, the lower level does not need to be concerned about higher-level functionality. It can be designed independently of them and independently evolve over time.


Decoupling is the ability of two parts that are connected or related to function independently from each other. A good example of decoupling is putting a car engine in a boat to make it faster. Decoupling can be used without damaging the system itself.

In OOP, decoupling is often considered cohesiveness. High cohesion occurs when the elements of a module are well related to each other. Low cohesion means that the elements are not closely related to each other.

The philosophy behind this concept for the business is that by keeping functional areas, such as accounting and management, separate and independent from each other, the enterprise can function more efficiently. The same principle applies to software development for modularity and reusability.

This disconnection is intended to prevent repetition and redundancy. So that the segment or section can perform the best. It same philosophy behind microservice architecture. By avoiding functions duplication, any errors found will only need to be fixed once. Changes to one area of code will not have unintended effects on other areas of the programme.

One way separation of concerns or decentralization of control be implemented is by having a different leader for different areas, and having one leader who overlaps the other leaders.

How the SOC benefits the design business

The separation of concerns helps to keep the department clean, accessible and highly reusable. The modularity in business is designed into different areas so that it can be easily modified and changed to cope with business changes. Modular operation is structured, well structured and easily navigate. There is a positive effect in communication and coordination between different business departments through this strategy.

The benefit of modularity is the separation of concerns, which involves different concepts such as abstraction, coupling and cohesion. We can view the department as like code and classes in a program. Divide and conquer, decentralization or whatever we may call it, has a positive impact on conducting an independent operation.

Like software engineering, it helps with the reuse of different parts without having to write tedious procedures for each part, save time and effort when it comes to diagnostic. It also provides a simple method for building blocks, allowing the system to be re-used in different projects with minimal effort. The separation of concerns also aids in continuous integration and feedback, both of which are critical when developing the business.